Urolithiasis occurrence is increasing in both adults and children in the United States, with nearly 1 in 11 adults having a stone at some time in their life. Unfortunately, stone occurrence in children also appears to have increased from 1% to 2% in the 1950s to 1970s to almost 10%.
The diagnosis and treatment of reflux in children with a history of urinary tract infections (UTIs) keeps evolving—it's hardly a settled issue. Regarding antibiotic prophylaxis in these children, said Saul P. Greenfield, MD, FAAP, FACS, the Randomized Intervention for Children with Vesicoureteral Reflux (RIVUR) trial reveals that it may be better to overtreat than undertreat.
To guide you through the 2016 AUA annual meeting and help maximize your time, Urology Times’ editorial board has reviewed the program to identify the key trends and noteworthy research at this year’s meeting.
A new study on the use of a reflux calculator, developed at Children’s Hospital of Orange County in Irvine, CA, suggests the web-based risk stratification and probability model helps to predict vesicoureteral reflux patients’ 2-year risk of breakthrough urinary tract infection.