Asthma and kidney stones linked in childrenChildren with asthma are 4 times more likely to have kidney stones than those without asthma, and vice versa, according to a study published online in the medical journal PLoS One.
Urolithiasis mortality rate high in lower income nationsResults of a study analyzing global trends in mortality attributable to urolithiasis show that the rate declined over a recent 20-year period.
Urolithiasis in children
Urolithiasis in childrenUrolithiasis occurrence is increasing in both adults and children in the United States, with nearly 1 in 11 adults having a stone at some time in their life. Unfortunately, stone occurrence in children also appears to have increased from 1% to 2% in the 1950s to 1970s to almost 10%.
Pediatric urolithiasis: Update and practical pointers
Pediatric urolithiasis: Update and practical pointersThis article provides an update on the risk factors for stone disease and its presentation in children, and offers practical tips on its evaluation, treatment, and prevention.
Smoking associated with greater risk of urolithiasis
Smoking associated with greater risk of urolithiasisTwo-thirds of patients attending a urology clinic for the management of urolithiasis failed to meet physical activity guidelines. In addition, patients with recent symptomatic urolithiasis were significantly more likely to be current smokers than those without recent symptomatic urolithiasis, according to a recent study.
How to prevent stone formation in patients with metabolic syndromeThis article examines the relationship between the metabolic syndrome and kidney stone disease. We explain elements of the metabolic workup and practical strategies for prevention and management of stones in patients with the metabolic syndrome.
Dysuria in a young manAn 18-year-old, immune-deficient young man presents to his immunologist’s office with a 1-day history of dysuria.
High HgbA1c levels, caloric intake boost stone riskTwo separate studies provide insight into a pair of factors—diabetes and changes in the American diet—that may boost the risk of kidney stone formation, including the formation of certain stone subtypes. A third study, meanwhile, suggests that medical professionals who work in operating rooms face a higher risk of stones, possibly because of high stress and low fluid intake.
Annual stone disease-related costs could jump by $200 million by 2030The prevalence of urolithiasis in the United States and the cost of its care will increase dramatically in the future if the epidemics of obesity and diabetes mellitus continue unchecked, according to analyses conducted by researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.
Stone disease studies examine multiple causesWith rates of stone disease on the rise in the U.S., researchers have turned their attention to possible causes. New research exploring the possible influence of diabetes, diet, and even being a surgeon will be presented at the upcoming AUA annual meeting.