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Pediatric Respiratory Allergy Resource Center

Parents overestimate benefits of antibiotics for acute respiratory infectionsParents often carry misperceptions about the advantages and disadvantages of antibiotic use for pediatric acute respiratory infections, according to an Australian survey in the Annals of Family Medicine.
Allergy questionnaire helps determine true penicillin allergy in childrenAlthough penicillin allergy is the most commonly reported medication allergy in children, the true incidence of this allergy in children is low with data suggesting that the large numbers of adverse drug reactions reported by parents as signs of an allergic reaction, such as rash or diarrhea associated with antibiotics, may not be consistent with a true allergic reaction.
Guidelines for life after LEAPAs the number of infants and children developing peanut allergy continues to grow, so does the need for pediatricians and other primary care providers to understand current recommendations on how best to prevent this allergy.
Pruritic vesicles erupt on a boy’s legsA healthy 12-year-old boy with eczema shows up at the office with an incredibly itchy rash on his legs that has exploded over the last 48 hours. He has a history of dry skin to which his mother regularly applies various moisturizers, including calendula oil.
Oral immunotherapy shows promise for treating peanut allergiesFood allergies affect many children, with peanut allergies being the most prominent and recognized. Fears over accidental exposure have led some parents to homeschool their kids, despite the fact that many schools across the United States are now “peanut-free” zones.
Acetaminophen comparable to ibuprofen in children with mild persistent asthmaResults of observational studies and posthoc analyses have engendered concern among clinicians about the use of acetaminophen (Tylenol) in children with asthma.
Nasal cytology: An untapped diagnostic toolAlthough still underused among available diagnostic procedures, nasal cytology is viewed by many specialists as an indispensable adjunctive diagnostic exam that clinicians can and should use more often to optimally diagnose, treat, and manage the myriad of nasal disorders and diseases occurring in pediatric patients.
Small-particle inhaled corticosteroids: Paradigm shift in asthma treatmentNew research suggests that the use of small-particle inhaled corticosteroids as a first-line or step-up therapy for uncontrollable asthma in children would be more helpful in clearing symptoms and preventing exacerbations than traditional treatment approaches such as large-particle inhaled corticosteroids with or without the addition of long-acting beta 2 agonists.
Risk factors for severe allergic rhinoconjunctivitisThe risk of severe rhinoconjunctivitis among school-aged children is significantly increased by comorbid eczema, maternal history of allergic diseases, and exposure to high pollen counts, whereas living with fur-bearing pets during infancy appears to be protective, according to the findings of a nationwide Japanese online survey
In utero vitamin D exposure reduces childhood allergic rhinitis riskResults of a recently published study show higher intake of food-based vitamin D by expectant mothers reduces the risk of childhood allergic rhinitis.