nutrition

Why children with diabetes are at risk for disordered eatingPatients with diabetes are at risk for developing inappropriate relationships with food, according to new research, highlighting the need for healthcare providers to provide more psychosocial support to this population.
How zinc affects AMDOne of the greatest ongoing food fights in eye care concerns the role of antioxidants and zinc in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) prevention and the movement of genetic testing from the theoretical research lab to applied science.
Treating blepharitis in the pediatric populationWhen your pediatric patient presents with irritated, itchy eyelids with reddened lid margins, diagnosing blepharitis may be the easy part of patient care. Implementing a treatment regimen for patients who are infants, toddlers, or school-age children, requires optometrists to use not only their knowledge but their clinical art of practice as well.
Choosy mothers choose . . . fruit!Since the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published its first recommendations regarding fruit juice 16 years ago, pediatricians have been waving off parents from serving young children apple and other fruit juices in bottles and sippy cups, encouraging water be given instead, because of both caloric and dental caries concerns. Now the AAP has issued a new policy statement that goes further than ever on what constitutes optimal quantities of fruit juice product consumption for children of all ages.
Lactose intolerance: Diagnosis and diet strategies
Lactose intolerance: Diagnosis and diet strategiesDiarrhea, abdominal pain, and flatulence following ingestion of milk or products containing milk are common complaints in pediatric practices. The pediatrician needs to be aware of the management of lactose intolerance to help guide a reasonable workup and plan.
Supplement omega-3 based on weightOlder, larger children using omega-3 fatty acid supplements as therapy for mood disorders—as well as those taking the supplement for general brain and heart health—may need more of the essential nutrient than smaller children, leading researchers to call for new studies into weight-appropriate dosing.
DHA fails to prevent BPD in preterm infantsPrevious studies conducted in animals and in humans have suggested that DHA might be helpful in reducing the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, the results of a very recent study demonstrated that the supplementation of an emulsion containing DHA did not reduce the risk of preterm infants developing BPD compared with infants who received a control emulsion without DHA.
Sunlight and its effect on eye healthAvoiding sunlight entirely appears to be a misdirection. Melanoma is inversely related to latitude and inadequate acclimation (i.e., increased melanization and epidermal thickening), which carries the risk of both melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer—common in northern latitudes.
Postpartum depression on the declineA study examines whether postpartum depression is on the decline. Plus: Are women who develop preeclampsia at greater risk of cardiovascular disease than those who didn't? Also, a look at the impact of severe nutrition deficiency in pregnancy on the development of mental health disorders in offspring.
Cystic fibrosis guidelines for preschool childrenNew guidelines have been published that address monitoring cystic fibrosis in children aged between 2 and 5 years and highlight the key issues for pediatricians in caring for young children during this critical stage of development.