gynecology

Do bisphosphonates really decrease breast cancer risk?Despite earlier observational studies, bisphosphonate treatment for 3 to 4 years appears not to decrease the risk of invasive postmenopausal breast cancer, according to a new study in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Is vitamin D deficiency linked with infertility?A prospective Italian study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism suggests that low levels of vitamin D [25(OH)D] may contribute to infertility. The finding, which the authors acknowledge does not confirm causality, could point to possible therapeutic benefits of the vitamin in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Exercise may cut breast cancer risk in African AmericansAccording to a new study in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, brisk walking or vigorous exercise may help reduce risk of breast cancer in African-American women.
FDA approves angiogenesis inhibitor for late-stage and aggressive cervical cancerAvastin (bevacizumab) has been approved to treat patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
New gene linked to breast cancer riskMutations in the PALB2 gene may be associated with a significant increase in the risk of breast cancer, according to a recent study in The New England Journal of Medicine. PALB2 binds to BRCA2—a gene that confers increased lifetime risk of developing breast or ovarian cancer—and likely permits its stable nuclear localization and accumulation.
Does recent OC use impact breast cancer risk?A National Cancer Institute-funded case control study suggests that some current formulations of oral contraception (OCs) may increase risk of breast cancer.
Do older women benefit from mammograms?According to a recent study in Radiology, women older than age 75 may still derive benefits from mammography screening.
Recurrent vulvovaginitis: Tips for treating a common condition
Recurrent vulvovaginitis: Tips for treating a common conditionClinicians routinely encounter patients with bacterial vaginosis and candidiasis. Here’s how to differentiate and treat these bothersome conditions.
Common pediatric vulvar complaintsVulvovaginal disorders in prepubertal girls—including vulvovaginitis, lichen sclerosus, labial adhesions, urethral prolapse, and genital ulcers—are common and can be managed on an outpatient basis by a skilled clinician.
New pelvic exam guidelines: An expert perspective"I worry that women will conclude that there is no value to an annual well-woman visit," says author Paula Hillard, MD.