gynecology

VIDEO: Declining rate of HPV vaccination in adolescentsDr Anne Schuchat, Assistant Surgeon General and Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, discusses the recent CDC report on declining humanpapillomavirus vaccine rates in adolescents.
Use of contained power morcellation shows promiseA small four-institution study shows promise for use of an insufflated isolation bag as a way of reducing risks of power morcellation while retaining the benefits of minimally invasive surgery. The authors caution, however, that their results are observational and represent outcomes in the hands of high-volume surgeons.
Exercise may trim atrial fibrillation riskAccording to a recent study in the Journal of the American Heart Association, postmenopausal women who increase their physical activity may reduce their risk of developing incident atrial fibrillation (AF).
Do bisphosphonates really decrease breast cancer risk?Despite earlier observational studies, bisphosphonate treatment for 3 to 4 years appears not to decrease the risk of invasive postmenopausal breast cancer, according to a new study in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Is vitamin D deficiency linked with infertility?A prospective Italian study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism suggests that low levels of vitamin D [25(OH)D] may contribute to infertility. The finding, which the authors acknowledge does not confirm causality, could point to possible therapeutic benefits of the vitamin in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Exercise may cut breast cancer risk in African AmericansAccording to a new study in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, brisk walking or vigorous exercise may help reduce risk of breast cancer in African-American women.
FDA approves angiogenesis inhibitor for late-stage and aggressive cervical cancerAvastin (bevacizumab) has been approved to treat patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
New gene linked to breast cancer riskMutations in the PALB2 gene may be associated with a significant increase in the risk of breast cancer, according to a recent study in The New England Journal of Medicine. PALB2 binds to BRCA2—a gene that confers increased lifetime risk of developing breast or ovarian cancer—and likely permits its stable nuclear localization and accumulation.
Does recent OC use impact breast cancer risk?A National Cancer Institute-funded case control study suggests that some current formulations of oral contraception (OCs) may increase risk of breast cancer.
Do older women benefit from mammograms?According to a recent study in Radiology, women older than age 75 may still derive benefits from mammography screening.