A prospective Italian study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism suggests that low levels of vitamin D [25(OH)D] may contribute to infertility. The finding, which the authors acknowledge does not confirm causality, could point to possible therapeutic benefits of the vitamin in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Mutations in the PALB2 gene may be associated with a significant increase in the risk of breast cancer, according to a recent study in The New England Journal of Medicine. PALB2 binds to BRCA2—a gene that confers increased lifetime risk of developing breast or ovarian cancer—and likely permits its stable nuclear localization and accumulation.
Vulvovaginal disorders in prepubertal girls—including vulvovaginitis, lichen sclerosus, labial adhesions, urethral prolapse, and genital ulcers—are common and can be managed on an outpatient basis by a skilled clinician.
Although women are often thought of as the drivers for healthcare in their families, many face financial and logistical barriers to obtaining healthcare for themselves, according to a new study by the Kaiser Family Foundation.