Among children with mild gastroenteritis and minimal dehydration, initial oral hydration with dilute apple juice followed by preferred fluids is more beneficial than providing electrolyte maintenance solution, a large study in a pediatric emergency department (ED) in Canada found.
Two common questions asked of pediatricians by parents are “When can my child return to school?” and “how long will I be staying home with my child?” Understanding when, how long, and under what conditions a pediatric patient with an infection is contagious to others is an important part of disease prevention and treatment.
For Contemporary Pediatrics, Dr Bobby Lazzara explains key findings from a meta-analysis published in the International Journal of General Medicine. The analysis examined whether probiotics were effective at reducing or preventing Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea.
As rotavirus vaccine coverage increased from 2009 to 2011, diarrhea-associated healthcare utilization and costs continued the decline that began after the pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) and the monovalent vaccine (RV1) joined the recommended vaccine list in 2006 and 2008, respectively.
The introduction of rotavirus vaccines has substantially reduced the healthcare utilization related to diarrhea in children residing in the United States, according to a new study published in Pediatrics.
Used as a prophylactic, Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 significantly reduced the risk of developing diarrhea or a respiratory tract infection (RTI) in healthy, 6-month-old to 36-month-old children who attended daycare, a study conducted in Mexico showed.