The Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network’s (DRCR.net) Protocol T—the first head-to-head-to-head comparison among aflibercept (Eylea, Renegeron Pharmaceuticals), ranibizumab (Lucentis, Genentech), and bevacizumab (Avastin, Genentech)—found in its first-year results that all three agents improved vision and reduced edema effectively.
Steroids are an important second-line treatment for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema. While side effects remain a concern, modern formulations of intravitreal steroid allow the treatment to be tailored to the individual patient.
Studies of the efficacy of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), gene therapies, and slow-release drug delivery systems took center stage among treatments for retinal disorders in 2015. In addition to studies already under way, others are about to begin.