Diabetic Macular Edema

Laser retains limited role for management of RVO-related MEIn the current era where pharmacologic therapy is the preferred treatment for macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion (RVO), there is still a role for laser, according to Francesco Bandello, MD.
OCTA brings understanding to managing diabetic eye diseaseOptical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a promising new approach for visualizing retinal vascular pathology in eyes with diabetic eye disease that can be expected to have even greater utility in the future pending further enhancements.
VMA associated with poor outcomes in anti-VEGF-treated patientsThe presence of vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) is associated with poorer, short-term anatomic, and functional outcomes in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME) receiving anti-VEGF therapy, according to Márcio B. Nehemy, MD, PhD.
5 observations about corticosteroids for DME treatmentFindings from studies investigating intravitreal corticosteroids for treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME) provide information about their efficacy and safety, including some understanding of how they compare with anti-VEGF therapy.
Access, costs of bevacizumab key factors for DME therapyThe efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin, Genentech) for improving vision in patients with center-involving diabetic macular edema (DME) has been demonstrated in several clinical trials.
Data clearly demonstrates bevacizumab’s inferiority for DMEAll three anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents that are commercially available have demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME). However, it is clear from the results of clinical trials that outcomes with bevacizumab are not as good as those obtained using ranibizumab or aflibercept, according to Jean-François Korobelnik, MD.
DAVE study found little benefit of anti-VEGF/PRP for DMEThe scientific community knows that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) causes increased, vascular permeability, resulting in diabetic macular edema (DME) in the ischemic retina, but how to stop the VEGF drive remains the challenge.
Year-2 Protocol T data paints different scenario from year-1The Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network’s (DRCR.net) Protocol T—the first head-to-head-to-head comparison among aflibercept (Eylea, Renegeron Pharmaceuticals), ranibizumab (Lucentis, Genentech), and bevacizumab (Avastin, Genentech)—found in its first-year results that all three agents improved vision and reduced edema effectively.
New paradigm shift in selecting a steroid course prior to FAc implantAs retinal specialists, we are truly fortunate to live in a time where we have several treatment options for patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). A fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) intravitreal implant 0.19 mg (Iluvien, Alimera Sciences) is indicated for the treatment of DME in patients who have been previously treated with a course of corticosteroids and did not have a clinically significant rise in IOP.
Sustained-release corticosteroid implant improves, slows progression of diabetic retinopathySustained intraocular delivery of fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) using the FAc 0.19 mg intravitreal implant (Iluvien, Alimera Sciences) improves and slows progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR), according to findings of post-hoc analyses of data from the pivotal Fluocinolone Acetonide for Diabetic Macular Edema (FAME) trials.