Contemporary Pediatrics Journal Club

M pneumoniae infection hits preschoolers hardA study of Mycoplasma pneumoniae disease during an epidemic in Norway found that preschool children infected with this bacterium had a significantly higher risk of severe disease, particularly severe pneumonia, than school-aged children.
An app for assessing neonatal jaundice? You bet!A study of the accuracy of a technology for assessing jaundice in outpatient neonates based on analysis of digital images demonstrated that this smartphone application (app) may be useful for screening newborns for jaundice.
Hospitalized preterm infants benefit from mothers’ recorded voicesBeing exposed to recordings of their mothers’ voices limited pain preterm infants experienced while undergoing heel lance procedures, according to a study conducted in an Italian neonatal intensive care unit.
Half of children with reported penicillin allergy symptoms are not truly allergicParents of children who visit a pediatric emergency department often report that their child has an allergy to penicillin, which can lead to treatment with a less than optimal antibiotic.
Loss of a father is associated with impaired cellular functionThe link between a child’s losing a father and poor health is well documented. Now a new study shines a light on the biologic factors that may underlie this association.
Pediatricians could do more to provide tobacco counselingMost pediatricians advise patients and their parents who smoke to quit, and the proportion of those who do so changed little from 2004 to 2010, according to surveys conducted in those years.
Nonoperative management of acute appendicitisCompared with traditional appendectomy, nonoperative management (NOM) of uncomplicated appendicitis using parenteral antibiotics is associated with more subsequent emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations, as well as more subsequent appendectomies.
Antibiotics improve outcomes in small skin abscessesAntibiotic treatment with either clindamycin or trimethoprim- sulfa - methoxazole (TMP-SMX) leads to better outcomes than incision and drainage with placebo in patients with uncomplicated cutaneous abscesses, particularly those caused by Staphylococcus aureus, according to a large study.
Childhood firearm injuries remain a public problemAlmost 1300 US children die and 5790 are treated for gunshot wounds each year, according to an analysis of information in several national databases.
Pediatricians could be overprescribing combination antifungal/corticosteroidsA review of a large claims-based database suggests that they are. Investigators identified almost 10,000 children aged up to 14 years who were prescribed either Lotrisone or Mycolog-II creams (antifungal and corticosteroid combination products) by pediatricians and other specialists from 2007 through 2014.