Contemporary Pediatrics Journal Club

Families detect errors hospital incident reports missRates of medical errors yielded by solicited family reporting were 5 times higher than the rates provided by hospital incident reports and the rates of adverse events (AEs) were 3 times higher, a study in 4 pediatric hospitals found. Most hospitals primarily use incident reports to conduct patient safety surveillance.
Gene variants relate to risk of respiratory infections and AOMCertain polymorphisms in mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and toll-like receptors (TLRs), genes that have a role in the innate immune system, promote susceptibility to or protection against respiratory and rhinovirus infections and acute otitis media (AOM), according to a study in Finnish infants.
Does residential ‘greenspace’ help asthma control?A study in 150 asthmatic children (aged 9 to 17 years) found an interaction between family relationships and residential greenspace, suggesting that children with asthma benefit when they live in high greenspace areas and have positive family relationships.
Consumers buy fewer cigarettes after CVS stops selling themAfter CVS, the large retail pharmacy chain, stopped selling cigarettes in its stores, many consumers who used to buy their smokes at CVS simply bought fewer cigarettes and presumably smoked less.
Poor housing is associated with asthma morbidityA new study found that the well-documented racial/ethnic disparities in asthma diagnosis and morbidity are diminished after accounting for material hardship.
ICS often does not follow asthma hospitalizationFewer than half of commercially insured children who have been hospitalized for asthma receive an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), even though many of them make outpatient visits within 30 days of hospital discharge.
Age-restricted supplements sold to male teensSales associates at health food stores, which primarily sell dietary supplements, often recommend creatine products and, sometimes, testosterone boosters to young teenaged boys, according to a study involving 244 stores in 49 states.
Crizanlizumab helps prevent pain crises in sickle cell diseaseIn patients with sickle cell disease, therapy with crizanlizumab, an antibody against the adhesion molecule P-selectin, resulted in a significantly lower rate of sickle cell-related pain crises than placebo, a trial in 198 patients aged from 16 to 65 years showed.
HPS develops in premature infants later than in term infantsA study in 217 premature infants with HPS showed that premature infants are likely to present with HPS at an older age than are term infants with this condition.
LCPUFAs in pregnancy lower child’s asthma riskWomen in the third trimester of pregnancy who take supplements of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) reduce their children’s risk of persistent wheeze or asthma as well as of lower respiratory tract infections, a study in Denmark demonstrated.