Contemporary Pediatrics Dermcase

Father, son share similar blue bumpsA father brings his 8-year-old son to the office for evaluation of new, asymptomatic blue bumps that have appeared on the boy’s chest over the last several months (Figure). The dad notes that he has had similar lesions as well.
Acute pruritic eruption on a child’s face and handsYou are asked to evaluate a healthy 9-year-old girl with an itchy rash on her face, neck, and hands for a week. She had a similar eruption 1 month ago that resolved over several days. Although she has a history of poison ivy, her parents knew of no exposure. There was no history of new topical skin products. However, she had begun to eat more seasonal fruits recently, including strawberries, grapes, and mangos.
Newborn‘s rash is more than skin deepA healthy newborn girl returns for a follow-up visit at age 7 days, and she is exhibiting multiple disseminated red macules and papules of varying sizes. While in the nursery, several red blanching macules had been noted on her trunk at age 2 days.
Boy’s progressing rash could delay surgeryA preoperative evaluation is requested for a 15-year-old boy who is a renal transplant patient maintained on oral mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus. His parents are worried that an itchy rash on his hands and feet, which has been progressing over the last 4 months, will result in postponement of his surgery.
Pruritic vesicles erupt on a boy’s legsA healthy 12-year-old boy with eczema shows up at the office with an incredibly itchy rash on his legs that has exploded over the last 48 hours. He has a history of dry skin to which his mother regularly applies various moisturizers, including calendula oil.
Itchy blisters bother a 12-year-old girlThe mother of a 12-year-old girl brings her daughter to the office for evaluation of recurrent, itchy red bumps and blisters on her legs. The mother gets the same rash recurrently as well.
Recurrent brown spots in an infant girlA mother brings her healthy 6-month-old girl to the outpatient clinic with disseminated, asymptomatic, golden-brown bumps that occasionally become red and swollen.
Infant’s disseminated rash is twice misdiagnosedA frustrated mother carries her 2-month-old son into the office for evaluation of a diffuse bright red rash with dramatic hypopigmentation. Scalp, neck, axillary, and diaper areas are involved.
Adolescent with enlarging asymptomatic birthmarkAn 11-year-old girl asks her pediatrician about an asymptomatic birthmark on her right thigh that drains clear to slightly bloody-tinged fluid occasionally when scratched. It has increased in size proportionally as she has grown.
Girl with rash and muscle weaknessThe mother of a healthy 10-year-old girl brings her child to the office for evaluation of new onset “eczema.” The rash is asymptomatic and began on the patient's upper eyelids, later spreading to her chest and extremities over several weeks. The child complains of difficulty riding her bicycle.