Contemporary Pediatrics Cases

Girl’s papular rash will not respond to treatmentThe mother of a healthy 5-year-old girl brings her to the office for evaluation of 2 itchy plaques on her right ankle that have worsened over the last 10 days despite treatment for possible tinea corporis with topical clotrimazole 1% ointment and hydrocortisone 2.5% ointment. A fungal culture is pending.
Pallor and swelling in an athlete’s upper armA 15-year-old female presents to the emergency department of a community hospital with acute onset of duskiness in her left arm.
Girl’s blistering rash spreads to eyes and faceA healthy 9-year-old female presents with a 1-day history of fever, progressive rash, conjunctivitis, and superficial oral ulcers.
Nervous teenager’s hands turn blueThe father of a healthy 15-year-old girl brings her to the emergency department (ED) for evaluation of blue hands.
Delayed menarche with normal pubertal growthA 14-year-old female presents for a wellness visit. On history, she is noted to not have started her menstrual cycle but on physical exam has significant breast and pubic hair development since the age of 10 years.
Father, son share similar blue bumpsA father brings his 8-year-old son to the office for evaluation of new, asymptomatic blue bumps that have appeared on the boy’s chest over the last several months (Figure). The dad notes that he has had similar lesions as well.
Boy with ear pain and facial weaknessA 13-year-old boy with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes (T1D) presents to the emergency department (ED) for evaluation of left ear pain and left facial weakness.
Acute pruritic eruption on a child’s face and handsYou are asked to evaluate a healthy 9-year-old girl with an itchy rash on her face, neck, and hands for a week. She had a similar eruption 1 month ago that resolved over several days. Although she has a history of poison ivy, her parents knew of no exposure. There was no history of new topical skin products. However, she had begun to eat more seasonal fruits recently, including strawberries, grapes, and mangos.
Newborn‘s rash is more than skin deepA healthy newborn girl returns for a follow-up visit at age 7 days, and she is exhibiting multiple disseminated red macules and papules of varying sizes. While in the nursery, several red blanching macules had been noted on her trunk at age 2 days.
Erythema and ecchymosis after newborn’s phototherapyA male infant is born and delivery is remarkable for yellow amniotic fluid and a jaundiced infant. Following delivery he is given intensive phototherapy and then develops erythema, which later becomes ecchymosis. What's the diagnosis?