body mass index

Do vitamin D levels affect ART outcomes?A recently published meta-analysis has found a relationship between a woman’s vitamin D levels and the success rate of assisted reproduction therapy (ART). Plus: Is progesterone effective in preventing preterm birth? Also: Results of a large cohort study show that women whose BMI is below or above normal before pregnancy may be at increased risk of complications or death associated with birth.
Overweight is not treated in children hospitalized with asthmaA retrospective record review for youngsters admitted with asthma to a Midwestern children’s hospital revealed that overweight and obesity were underrecognized, underdiagnosed, and undertreated.
More time spent standing in school reduces BMIChildren who spent 2 consecutive years in classrooms outfitted with desks at which they worked standing (or while sitting on a stool) had a significantly lower body mass index (BMI) than their peers in classrooms with traditional standard desks, a recent study reported.
Evaluation for early puberty: When, why, and howA workup is indicated for a child with signs of puberty starting before the normal lower age limits to determine whether the developmental changes represent normal variation or a pathologic process.
Antibiotics weaken breastfeeding’s benefitsThe protective effects of breastfeeding against infections and overweight are reduced or eliminated by antibiotic use early in life, according to a retrospective study in 226 5-year-old Finnish children, almost all of whom had been breastfed for at least 1 month.
Does gender make a difference in sleep patterns?A study looks at whether women are at greater risk of sleep problems than their male counterparts. Also, are cesarean deliveries increasing the risk of childhood obesity? Plus: A study highlights the need for further research in postpartum psychosis.
Long-term impact of breastmilk on preterm babiesWhat are the long-term benefits of breastmilk for preterm babies? Also, a first-of-its-kind study looks at maternal folate levels and BMI and the role they play in the child's risk of obesity. Plus: What are the adverse neonatal outcomes of untreated depression in the mother?
Are low-income kids at greater risk for obesity?Children from poor households are at greater risk for obesity, according to a UK study, but early interventions could be key to better outcomes.
4 behavior targets help prevent obesityA 3- to 5-minute intervention delivered during routine pediatric visits and targeting 4 behaviors related to obesity—milk consumption, juice and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, television/screen time, and physical activity—decreased the rate at which body mass index (BMI) percentile increased in young children in a recent trial.
Impact of early antibiotic exposure on growthEarly antibiotic use increases weight and growth in children.