acute otitis media

Novel antimicrobial shows promise for children with AOMChildren with acute otitis media (AOM) are routinely and successfully treated with antimicrobials, with data showing that the combination of amoxicillin-clavulanate (A/C) to treat AOM in children aged younger than 3 years is associated with more favorable outcomes than placebo.
Gene variants relate to risk of respiratory infections and AOMCertain polymorphisms in mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and toll-like receptors (TLRs), genes that have a role in the innate immune system, promote susceptibility to or protection against respiratory and rhinovirus infections and acute otitis media (AOM), according to a study in Finnish infants.
Acute otitis media warrants 10 days of antibioticsEar infections remain a top reason for parents to bring their children to the pediatrician—and the top reason for antibiotic prescriptions among pediatric patients. Diagnosis and treatment methods vary, but a new study reveals that a 10-day course of treatment with antibiotics in cases of acute otitis media (AOM) may be the gold standard.
Watchful waiting is cost-effective in acute otitis mediaA recent study found that taking a watchful waiting approach when managing acute otitis media in qualifying children proves to be the more cost-effective strategy to follow.
Limiting duration of antibiotics in OM limits their effectivenessTreating children with acute otitis media with amoxicillin-clavulanate for 5 days is less effective than following standard 10-day treatment, according to a study in 520 such children who were aged 6 to 23 months.
Why acute otitis media prevalence is decreasingResearchers say efforts to improve breastfeeding and vaccination rates, and reduce infants’ exposure to cigarette smoke are paying off—with acute otitis media prevalence reduced by more than 50% in some age groups.
Acute otitis media: Update 2015In May 2004, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) joined with the American Academy of Family Physicians to publish a clinical practice guideline on the diagnosis and management of acute otitis media (AOM). In 2013, the AAP revised the guideline with important changes presented in this review.
Low-dose antibiotics can boost bacterial biofilmsLow doses of antibiotics can stimulate formation of bacterial biofilms that lead to chronic lung, sinus, and ear infections, a new study shows. The biofilms can grow stronger instead of weaker in response to the antibiotics.
The high cost of acute otitis mediaResearchers recently determined that acute otitis media is associated with an incremental increase in outpatient health care costs of $314 per child per year in the United States, which translates into approximately $2.88 billion in added health care expense annually.
Impact of daily vitamin D on AOMDoes vitamin D reduce acute otitis episodes in children who are prone to them?