acute otitis media

Acute otitis media warrants 10 days of antibioticsEar infections remain a top reason for parents to bring their children to the pediatrician—and the top reason for antibiotic prescriptions among pediatric patients. Diagnosis and treatment methods vary, but a new study reveals that a 10-day course of treatment with antibiotics in cases of acute otitis media (AOM) may be the gold standard.
Watchful waiting is cost-effective in acute otitis mediaA recent study found that taking a watchful waiting approach when managing acute otitis media in qualifying children proves to be the more cost-effective strategy to follow.
Limiting duration of antibiotics in OM limits their effectivenessTreating children with acute otitis media with amoxicillin-clavulanate for 5 days is less effective than following standard 10-day treatment, according to a study in 520 such children who were aged 6 to 23 months.
Why acute otitis media prevalence is decreasingResearchers say efforts to improve breastfeeding and vaccination rates, and reduce infants’ exposure to cigarette smoke are paying off—with acute otitis media prevalence reduced by more than 50% in some age groups.
Acute otitis media: Update 2015In May 2004, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) joined with the American Academy of Family Physicians to publish a clinical practice guideline on the diagnosis and management of acute otitis media (AOM). In 2013, the AAP revised the guideline with important changes presented in this review.
Low-dose antibiotics can boost bacterial biofilmsLow doses of antibiotics can stimulate formation of bacterial biofilms that lead to chronic lung, sinus, and ear infections, a new study shows. The biofilms can grow stronger instead of weaker in response to the antibiotics.
The high cost of acute otitis mediaResearchers recently determined that acute otitis media is associated with an incremental increase in outpatient health care costs of $314 per child per year in the United States, which translates into approximately $2.88 billion in added health care expense annually.
Impact of daily vitamin D on AOMDoes vitamin D reduce acute otitis episodes in children who are prone to them?
IMMUNOLOGY/INFECTIOUS DISEASES: New perspectives on common infectionsAcute otitis media (AOM) and acute bacterial sinusitis (ABM) are 2 of the most common infections affecting young children. They are also 2 of the most frequent medications for antibiotic therapy in a pediatric practice, and, as such, have been the focus of scrutiny as a source of antibiotic overuse.
Stronger criteria for diagnosing otitis mediaThe American Academy of Pediatrics has issued a revised clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of uncomplicated acute otitis media in children aged younger than 12 years.