For 2 months, a 68-year-old man had had progressive weakness, arthralgia, myalgia, and a rash on the arms and legs (A). Closer examination of the rash showed petechial lesions and follicular hyperkeratosis with perifollicular hemorrhage and corkscrew hairs. The patient also had poor dentition and swollen, purple, spongy gingivae.
Modern Medicine Cases
An obese 61-year-old man with a history of heroin abuse was brought to the hospital after he had fallen onto his buttocks on a sidewalk.
A 63-year-old African American man presented with severe epigastric pain of 1 day's duration. The pain was sharp and continuous and radiated toward the left flank. There were no aggravating or relieving factors or previous similar episodes.
Depression was diagnosed 6 years earlier in a 37-year-old woman; it has been successfully managed since then with fluoxetine and outpatient psychotherapy. Since her teenage years, the patient has also experienced sporadic (fewer than 3 or 4 per year) mild or occasionally severe headaches, which she has usually self-treated with over-thecounter (OTC) agents or "just slept off."
A 57-year-old woman presents for follow-up several months after a series of thrombotic episodes. Four days after she underwent ankle fusion to relieve pain and edema associated with a leg fracture that had occurred 40 years earlier, she sustained a massive myocardial infarction (MI).
During the first quarter of a football game, a 17-year-old athlete noticed that his right (dominant) arm was swollen and heavy. Two days earlier, he had fired a shotgun right-handed multiple times while hunting.
A 62-year-old man presents with painful cramps in his left lower leg that began about 6 months earlier and have recently become more frequent. The cramps occur with vigorous walking and cease when he stops for several minutes.