Judith M. Orvos, ELS
Judith M. Orvos, ELS, is an editorial consultant for Contemporary OB/GYN.
New data on vaginal ring support benefits for HIV prevention
Interim data from two studies of a dapivirine vaginal ring—DREAM and HOPE—lend further credence to the potential benefits of using the device for HIV prevention. Plus: FDA authorizes direct-to-consumer BRCA1/BRCA2 test. Also: A new Zika virus test extends window for accurate diagnosis.
Is waist-to-hip ratio a better predictor of MI than BMI?
According to research, the size of a woman’s hips and waist may be the best indicators of her risk of a heart attack. Plus: Adverse risks of pregnancy over 40. Also: Active surveillance of CIN2 is a viable treatment, according to a study.
Study: No association between prenatal ultrasound duration and autism
Contemporary OB/GYN Editorial Board member Joshua A. Copel, MD, provides expert perspective on a controversial retrospective study that looked at whether exposure to prenatal ultrasound is associated with diagnosis of autism. Plus: Can a placenta-on-a-chip be used to analyze placental perfusion? Also: More mothers receiving antihypertensives for preeclampsia and fewer are having strokes.
Tighter prenatal hypertension control doesn’t result in larger babies, later births
Tight control of hypertension in pregnancy does not produce better perinatal outcomes or fewer serious maternal complications than looser control, according to results of an international randomized clinical trial. Published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the findings are consistent with those from a meta-analysis of 29 previous trials.
Perinatal outcomes improving for ART infants
A Nordic study of more than 92,000 children shows that perinatal outcomes after use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) have improved considerably in the past 20 years.
Mode of delivery linked to painful intercourse
A first-of-its-kind prospective study by researchers from Australia shows that women who have operative deliveries may be at increased risk of dyspareunia during the postpartum period.
Claims data show episiotomy on the decline
Analysis of data from more than 2.2 million vaginal deliveries shows that episiotomy declined between 2006 and 2012 and nonmedical factors may have been at play. The findings were published in a Research Letter in JAMA.
ACOG supports salpingectomy for ovarian cancer prevention
Women at risk of ovarian cancer and who are undergoing hysterectomy should be counseled about the possible benefits of salpingectomy, according to a new committee opinion from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Tamoxifen benefits in breast cancer extend decades
Taking tamoxifen for 5 years to prevent breast cancer results in a prophylactic effect that extends over the next 20 years, according to a new report published in in The Lancet Oncology.
Digital mammography better for screening dense breasts
For screening dense breasts, 3D digital mammography outperforms standard 2D mammography, according to results of a prospective trial of more than 25,000 women.